research articles

Taxonomy of Hungarian personality traits: Replication and refinement*


  • Boele De Raad University of Groningen
  • Janos Nagy Eotvos Lorand University, Budapest
  • Zsofia Szirmak University of Applied Sciences, Magdeburg-Stendal
  • Dick P.H. Barelds University of Groningen


trait structure, taxonomy, psycho-lexical approach, Big Five, replication, narcissism


Objective: We aim to replicate the previously published structure that was based on a taxonomy of traits according to psycho-lexical principles (Szirmák & De Raad, 1994). Method: The original list of 561 trait terms was used and administered to 1,503 participants, in part through using a paper version, and in part using an online version of the list. The participants provided self-ratings on these traits, and in addition filled out five questionnaires for purposes of validation and as an aid in identification of the lexically derived factors. Additional analyses were done using the joint sample of the present 1,503 participants and the previously used sample of 400 participants. Results: On ipsatized data, principal components analyses were performed, resulting in a six factor solution considered as the most adequate one. The factors were identified as the Big Five plus an Integrity-Honesty related factor. The analyses using the joint data set strengthened the adequacy of the six-factor solution. Conclusion: The previously published structure was approximately replicated in a new sample of participants. Moreover, the results gave rise to a re-labeling of the previous Integrity factor into Narcissism.

*) A previous version of this article was retracted; see p. 12 of the article







research articles